Non-lethal control

Smith, B., & Appleby, R. (2018). Promoting human-dingo co-existence in Australia: Moving towards more innovative methods of protecting livestock rather than killing dingoes (Canis dingo). Wildlife Research, 45 (1), 1-15. doi: 10.1071/WR1616 link

Appleby, R., Smith, B., Bernede, L., & Jones, D. (2017). Utlising aversive conditioning to manage the behaviour of Fraser Island dingoes (Canis dingo). Pacific Conservation Biology, 23, 335-358. doi: 10.1071/PC17017 link

Appleby, R., Smith, B., Mackie, J., Bernede, L., & Jones, D. (2017). Preliminary observations of dingo responses to assumed aversive stimuli. Pacific Conservation Biology, 23, 295–301. doi: 10.1071/PC17005 link

Human dimensions of wildlife

Ritchie, E., Smith, B., van Eeden, L., & Nimmo, D. (2018). Species definitions shape policy (letters). Science, 361 (6409), 1324. doi: 10.1126/science.aav3437 link

Smith, B., Ritchie, E., van Eeden, L. (2018). Why the WA government is wrong to play identity politics with dingoes. The Conversation. August 31, 2018. link

Smith, B., Vague, A-L., & Appleby, R. (2018). Attitudes towards dingoes (Canis dingo) and their management: A case study from a mining operation in the Great Sandy Desert, Western Australia. Pacific Conservation Biology. doi: 10.1071/PC18049 link

van Eeden, L., Smith, B., Crowther, M., Dickman, C., & Newsome, T. (2018). ‘The dingo menace’: an historic survey of graziers’ management of an Australian carnivore. Pacific Conservation Biology. doi: 10.1071/PC18031 link

Appleby, R., Mackie, J., Smith, B., Bernede, L., & Jones, D. (2018). Negative human-dingo interactions on Fraser Island: An analysis of incident reports. Australian Mammalogy. link

Smith, B., & Litchfield, C. (2009). A review of the relationship between Indigenous Australians, dingoes (Canis dingo) and domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). Anthrozoös, 22, 111-128. link

Dingoes and dogs (behaviour, cognition, anatomy)

Smith, B. (editor) (2015). The dingo debate: origins, behaviour and conservation. CSIRO Publishing: Clayton South, Australia. link

Smith, B., Cairns, K., Adams, J., Newsome, T., Fillios, M., Deaux, E., Parr, W., Letnic, M., van Eeden, L., Appleby, R., Bradshaw, C., Savolainen, P., Ritchie, E., Nimmo, D., Archer-Lean, C., Greenville, A., Dickman, C., Watson, L., Moseby, K., Doherty, T., Wallach, A., Morrant, D., & Crowther, M. (2019). Taxonomic status of the Australian dingo: the case for Canis dingo Meyer, 1793. Zootaxa.

Lucas, T., Smith, B., Norris, R., & Henneberg, M. (2019). Reconstructing body weight of the Australian dingo (Canis dingo) from two simple measurements of the hard palate. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. link

Appleby, R. & Smith, B. (2018). Do wild canids kill for fun? In: Wild animals and leisure: Rights and wellbeing. Editors Carr, N. and Young, J. Routledge (Routledge Research in the Ethics of Tourism Series). New York. Pages 181-209. ISBN: 1315457393, 9781315457390. link

Hudson, R., Elizalde, M., Kennedy, G., Rödel, H., & Smith, B. (2018). Diurnal pattern of pre-weaning den visits and nursing in breeding pairs of captive dingoes (Canis dingo). Mammalian Biology. doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2018.07.002 link

Byosiere, S-E., Espinosa, J. & Smith, B. (2018). The function of play bows in Canis lupus and its variants: A comparison of dingo (Canis lupus dingo), dog (Canis lupus familiaris) and wolf puppies (Canis lupus). Behaviour. doi: 10.1163/1568539X-00003495 link

Smith, B., Lucas, T., Norris, R., & Henneberg, M. (2018). Brain size/body weight in the dingo (Canis dingo): Comparisons with domestic and wild canids. Australian Journal of Zoology, 65(5) 292-301. doi: 10.1071/ZO17040 link

Smith, B., Browne, M., & Serpell, J. (2017). Owner-reported behavioural characteristics of dingoes (Canis dingo) living as companion animals: A comparison to ‘modern’ and ‘ancient’ dog breeds. Journal of Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 187, 77-84. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2016.11.010 link

Smith, B., & Vague, A-L. (2017). The denning behaviour of dingoes (Canis dingo) living in a human-modified environment. Australian Mammalogy, 39, 161-168. doi: 10.1071/AM16027. link

Czerwinski, V., Smith, B., Hynd, P., & Hazel, S. (2017). Sampling maternal care behaviour in domestic dogs: what’s the best approach? Behavioural Processes, 140, 41-46. DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2017.03.018 link

Hudson, R., Rödel, H., Elizalde, M., Arteaga, L., Kennedy, G., & Smith, B. (2016). Pattern of nipple use by puppies: a comparison of the Australian dingo and the domestic dog. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 130, 269-277. link

Smith, B., Flavel, M., & Simpson, B. (2016). Quantification of salivary cortisol from captive dingoes (Canis dingo) in relation to age, gender, and breeding season. Australian Mammalogy, 38, 21-28. link

Czerwinski, V., McArthur, M., Smith, B., Hynd, P., & Hazel, S. (2016). Selection of breeding stock among Australian purebred dog breeders, with particular emphasis on the dam. Animals, 6, 75. DOI: 10.3390/ani6110075 link

Czerwinski, V., Hynd, P., Smith, B. & Hazel, S. (2016). The influence of maternal care on stress-related behaviours in domestic dogs: what can we learn from the rodent literature? Veterinary Behaviour: Clinical Applications and Research, 14, 52–59. link

Thompson, K., O’Dwyer, L., Hazel, S., Hadley, T., Smith, B., Reynolds, C., & Sharp, A. (2015). What’s in a dog’s breakfast? Considering the social, veterinary and environmental implications of feeding food scraps to pets using three Australian surveys. Sustainability, 7, 7195-7213. link

Smith, B. (2014). Living with wild dogs: Personality dimensions in captive dingoes (Canis dingo) and implications for ownership. Anthrozoös, 27, 423-433. link

Smith, B., & Litchfield, C. (2013). Looking back at ‘looking back’: Operationalizing referential gaze for dingoes in an unsolvable task. Animal Cognition, 16, 961-971. link

Appleby, R., Smith, B., & Jones, D. (2013). Observations of a free-ranging adult female dingo (Canis dingo) and littermates’ responses to the death of a pup. Behavioural Processes, 96, 42-46.

Lord, K., Feinstein, M., Smith, B., & Coppinger, R. (2013). Variation in reproductive traits of members of the genus Canis with special attention to the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). Behavioural Processes, 92, 131-142.

Smith, B., Appleby, R. & Litchfield, C. (2012). Spontaneous tool-use: an observation of a dingo (Canis dingo) using a table to access an out-of-reach food reward. Behavioural Processes, 89, 219-224. link

Smith, B., & Litchfield, C. (2010). How well do dingoes (Canis dingo) perform on the detour task. Animal Behaviour, 80, 155-162. link

Smith, B., & Litchfield, C. (2010). Dingoes (Canis dingo) can use human social cues to locate hidden food. Animal Cognition, 13, 367-376. link

Smith, B., & Litchfield, C. (2010). An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian sea lions (Neophoca cinerea). Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 13, 103-122. link

Human-animal relationships (other)

Smith, B., Browne, M., Mack, J., & Kontou, T. (2018). An exploratory study of human-dog co-sleeping using actigraphy: do dogs disrupt their owner’s sleep? Anthrozoos, 31(6), 727-740. doi: 10.1080/08927936.2018.1529355

Thompson, K., O’Dwyer, L., Bowen, H., & Smith, B. (2018). One dog, but which dog? How researchers guide participants to select dogs in surveys of human-dog relationships. Anthrozoos, 31 (2), 195-210. doi:10.1080/08927936.2018.1434057

Trigg, J., Thompson, K., Smith, B., & Bennett, P. (2018). Archetyping relationships with companion animals to understand disaster risk-taking propensity. Journal of Risk Research. DOI: 10.1080/13669877.2017.1405458

Thompson, K., Haigh, L., & Smith, B. (2018). Planned and ultimate actions of horse owners in response to a bushfire threat: Implications for natural disaster preparedness and survivability. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 27, 490-498. doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.11.013

Trigg, J., Thompson, K., Smith, B., & Bennett, P. (2017). Developing a scale to understand willingness to sacrifice personal safety for companion animals: The Pet-Owner Risk Propensity Scale (PORPS). International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 21, 205-212. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.12.004

Smith, B., Hazelton, P., Thompson, K., Trigg, J., Etherton, H., and Blunden, S. (2017). A multi-species approach to co-sleeping: Integrating human-animal co-sleeping practices into our understanding of human sleep. Human Nature, 28 (3), 255-273.

Thompson, K., Trigg, J., & Smith, B. (2017). Animal ownership amongst vulnerable populations in regional South Australia: Implications for natural disaster preparedness and resilience. Journal of Public Health Management & Practice, 23 (1), 59-63. DOI: 10.1097/PHH.0000000000000416

Every, D., Smith, K., Trigg, J., Smith, B., Thompson, K. (2017). “How will my donkey fit on the plane?” The benefits and constraints of the therapeutic use of animals with refugees. Clinical Psychologist, 21 (1), 44-53. DOI: 10.1111/cp.12071

Trigg, J., Thompson, K., Smith, B., & Bennett, P. (2016). A moveable beast: subjective influence of human-animal relationships on risk perception, and risk behaviour during bushfire threat. The Qualitative Report, 21 (10), 1881-1903.

Trigg, J., Thompson, K., Smith, B., & Bennett, P. (2016). Exploring risk propensity through pet-attachment diversity in natural hazard contexts. Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin, 4 (1), 54-81.

Smith, B. & Dale, A. (2016). Integrating animals in the classroom: The attitudes and experiences of Australian school teachers toward animal-assisted interventions for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Pet Behaviour Science, 1, 13-22.

Trigg, J., Thompson, K., Smith, B., & Bennett, P. (2016). An animal just like me: the importance of preserving the identities of companion-animal owners in disaster contexts. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 10 (1), 26-40. DOI: 10.1111/spc3.12233

Trigg, J., Thompson, K., Smith, B., & Bennett, P. (2015). Engaging pet owners in disaster risk and preparedness communications: Simplifying complex human-animal relations with archetypes. Environmental Hazards, 14 (3), 236-251. DOI:10.1080/17477891.2015.1047731

Trigg, J., Smith, B., & Thompson, K. (2015). Does emotional closeness to pets motivate their inclusion in bushfire survival plans? Implications for emergency communicators. Australian Journal of Emergency Management (Special Edition), 30 (2), 24-30.

Taylor, M., McCarthy, M., Burns, P., Thompson, K., Smith, B., & Eustace, G. (2015). The challenges of managing animals and their owners in disasters: The perspectives of Australian response organisations and stakeholders. Australian Journal of Emergency Management (Special Edition), 30 (2), 31-37.

Smith, B., Taylor, M., & Thompson, K. (2015). Risk perception, preparedness and response of livestock producers to bushfires: A South Australian case study. Australian Journal of Emergency Management (Special Edition), 30 (2), 38-42.

Smith, B., Thompson, K., Taylor, M. (2015). What’s the big deal? Responder experiences of large animal rescue in Australia. PLoS Currents Disasters. doi: 10.1371/currents.dis.71d34082943fa239dbfbf9597232c8a5.

Thompson, K., & Smith, B. (2014). Should we let sleeping dogs lie…with us? Synthesizing the literature and setting the agenda for research on human-animal co-sleeping practices. Humanimalia, 6, 1.

Smith, B., Thompson, K., Clarkson, L., Dawson, D. (2014). The prevalence and implications of human-animal co-sleeping in an Australian sample. Anthrozoös, 27, 423-433.

Thompson, K., Every, D., Rainbird, S., Cornell, V., Smith, B., & Trigg, J. (2014). No pet or their person left behind: Improving the disaster resilience of vulnerable groups through animal attachment (special issue on ‘Animal Management Following Natural Disasters’). Animals, 4, 214-240.

Smith, B. (2012). The ‘pet effect’: health related aspects of companion animal ownership. Australian Family Physician, 41, 439-442.


Smith, B. (2018). Incorporating human dimensions in wildlife conservation: the importance of measuring attitudes. Symposium presentation during ‘Human-wildlife conflict: Rebuilding conscious co-existence’ at the ISAZ 27th International conference, “Animals in Our Lives: Multidisciplinary Approaches to the Study of Human-Animal Interactions”. Sydney, Australia. July 2-5, 2018.

Smith, B. (2018). What’s in a (pets) name? Paper presented at the ISAZ 27th International conference, “Animals in Our Lives: Multidisciplinary Approaches to the Study of Human-Animal Interactions”. Sydney, Australia. July 2-5, 2018.

Smith, B. (2018). The dingo: a unique canid. Presentation to the Australian Centre for Ancient DNA (University of Adelaide). Adelaide, Australia. June.

Smith, B. (2017). The contribution of domestic dogs to the science of sleep. Paper presented at the Adelaide Sleep Retreat. Adelaide, Australia. November 15, 2017.

Smith, B. (2017). Living with wild dogs: Exploring the behaviour & personality of dingoes living as companion animals. Delta Institute Dog Behaviour Conference ‘Inside of a dog’. Sydney, Australia. April 8-9, 2017.

Smith, B. (2017). Dingo behaviour and captive management. Presentation to the Rockhampton Zoological Gardens. Rockhampton, Australia. 28 March, 2017.

Smith, B. (2016). Managing the risk of dingo-human conflict on Fraser Island. Paper presented at the Society for Risk Analysis Australia and New Zealand (SRA ANZ) 9th Annual Conference, ‘Engaging Risk’. Adelaide, Australia. November 23-24, 2016.

Smith, B. (2015). Pets in beds: towards an understanding human-animal co-sleeping practices among dog owners. Paper presented at the Adelaide Sleep Retreat. Adelaide, Australia. November 12, 2015.

Smith, B. (2014). Managing dingo-human conflict on Fraser Island. Paper presented at the Australian Institute of Animal Management Workshop. Gold Coast, Australia. October 16-17, 2014.

Smith, B. (2014). How do livestock producers perceive ‘risk’ during natural disasters. Paper presented at the Society of Risk Analysis- Australia and New Zealand. Palmerston North, New Zealand. August 26-27, 2014.

Smith, B. (2014). Why wild dogs don’t make good pets: An exploration of the personality and behavioral characteristics of dingoes living as companion animals. Paper presented at the Society for the Promotion of Applied Research in Canine Science. Newport, Rhode Island. June 20-22, 2014.

Smith, B. (2014). Dingo cognition and behaviour. Talk presented for the Yale University Psychology Department. North Haven, Connecticut. July, 2014.

Smith, B. (2013). Dingoes, the ‘missing link’ between wolves and domestic dogs? Online lecture for e-training for, for the Ethology and Canine Behavior Lecture Series, February 6, 2013.

Smith, B., Thompson, K., & Dawson, D. (2012). Should we let sleeping dogs lie… with us? The prevalence and implications of pet bed-sharing in an Australian sample. Paper presented at the Australasian Chronobiology Society 9th Annual Meeting, September 15, 2012. Adelaide, Australia.

Smith, B. (2011). ‘Clever dingoes’. Presentation given at the Australian Dingo Foundation’s annual ‘Dingo Birthday’ celebrations, July 3, 2011. Toolern Vale, Victoria.

Smith, B. & Litchfield, C. (2011). Cognition and behaviour in captive dingoes (Canis dingo). Paper presented at the Australasian Society for the Study of Animal Behaviour (ASSAB) Annual Conference. Adelaide, Australia, 11-13 April.

Smith, B., & Litchfield, C. (2006). The effect of environmental enrichment in reducing stereotypic behaviour in captive Australian Sea Lions (Neophoca cinerea). Paper presented at the First Australasian Regional Environmental Enrichment Conference. Melbourne, Australia, 1-2 Nov.